Why is Raw Feeding Best for ALL Cats?
The pet food industry pays for most research on pet foods; knowing what research to trust can be confusing when what you read is funded by the companies that profit from it - Royal Canin, Science Diet, and Purina. Here is a simple fact; cooking meat degrades the nutrients in the meat. It reduces vitamins, minerals, and amino acids (Gerber). Almost all dry and canned pet foods are cooked. Other ingredients are added back in to supplement what was lost during the cooking, but often these ingredients are plant-based. The "inability of cats to adapt enzyme activity to increased dietary carbohydrate concentrations" is another proven fact (Verbrugghe). This means the cat's body cannot adjust to breakdown and utilize ingredients from most non-meat sources. Any nutrients not coming from animal tissue have very low bioavailability to a cat. Cats get little nutritional value from ingredients other than meat, organ, and bone.
Another reason we advocate raw feeding is the moisture content. Raw food maintains a cat's optimal hydration level. Originating in Africa, cats do not have a high thirst drive. Being forever stoic, cats do not let us know when they are not feeling well until it is too late. Thus, the effects of low-grade dehydration work away at a cat's body for years before being discovered (“Dehydration in Cats"). Dehydration leads to kidney failure. Because cats do not show signs of kidney failure until 70-75% of their kidney function is lost, young cats who are fed dry kibble start out living normal, healthy lives. But a study in Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden shows that upon reaching adulthood, the rate at which kibble-fed cats age and develop degenerative diseases increases at an abnormal rate. In contrast, cats fed a non-processed, natural diet do not age as quickly and, most importantly, did not develop ANY degenerative diseases (Appel).
Many people are nervous about feeding raw with good reason. The worst food you can feed is unbalanced raw food. If you don't feed raw correctly, you can negatively impact your cat's health. While the best food is properly balanced raw, the worst food is improperly balanced raw. The easiest way to feed raw is to purchase raw cat food that is pre-made and already nutritionally balanced. We have a list of pre-balanced raw food recommendations at the top right of this page. Some ship to your door; others have to be purchased in a pet store. You can use the website's store locator to find your closest distributer.
Appel, Athena. "What You Can’t See Won’t Hurt Your Pet?" Cats and Dogs Naturally. 4 March 2013. http://catsndogsnaturally.com
“Dehydration in Cats: How Can You Tell If a Cat Is Dehydrated?” CatHealth.com, www.cathealth.com/cat-care/how-to/2233-dehydration-in-cats-how-can-you-tell-if-a-cat-is-dehydrated.
Gerber, N., et al. “The Influence of Cooking and Fat Trimming on the Actual Nutrient Intake from Meat.” Meat Science, vol. 81, no. 1, 2009, pp. 148–154.
Verbrugghe, Adronie, and Myriam Hesta. “Cats and Carbohydrates: The Carnivore Fantasy?” Veterinary Sciences, vol. 4, no. 4, 2017, p. 55.
What EXACTLY do we feed?
Many of our Quality Bengal Kitten families want to continue feeding exactly what we feed. Our food comes from various sources, and some of it needs to be purchased a month in advance. Do not stress. If you do not have the time to gather food as we do, please choose from our recommend Balanced Raw Food Diets list on the top left of this page. Because raw foods have limited ingredients, it is straightforward to switch from one brand to another. We will send our kitten buyers home with food to get started, but you need to have your balanced raw food of choice before bringing your kitten home.
We feed many cats, so how we feed may not be conducive to how a family will feed one or two cats. Our basic goal is to feed multiple protein sources close to being species-appropriate as possible for our pocketbook. If money were not a factor, we would feed rats, mice, rabbits, quail, and Cornish Game Hen - all prey items that a cat could catch. But the reality is that some of those foods are not affordable. Our number one goal is to offer our cats four or more different protein sources for a variety of nutrients. Our diet includes chicken, duck, turkey, beaver, pork, beef organ, Cornish Game Hen, and occasional quail and rats.
We order two foods from Excel Pet Pantry: Special Grind #1: Chicken and Duck and Special Grind #5: Pork and Chicken. We buy these foods as they are an affordable way to add pork and duck into our diet. However, these are NOT balanced foods. They do not have secreting organs in them; therefore, we use NuVet Supplement to help balance these foods. We also order whole ground beaver from Simply Rawsome. The beaver is a little rich on its own, so we mix 1/3 beaver with our homemade chicken, turkey, and beef organ blend. We feed beaver as an affordable way to feed rodent meat. Rodent meat is the ideal diet for a cat, but it is also expensive. The Beaver is balanced at the 80: 10: 5: 5 ratio.
We grind chicken leg quarters with either chicken thigh or turkey gizzards to create the correct meat-to-bone ratio for our homemade ground food. Then, we add Roseville Meat Company's beef pet food as it is made of beef organs. Some of our cats cannot eat beef meat, but they are all good with beef organs. A few of our cats don't seem to feel at their best when fed turkey, so we do not make all of our food with turkey.
What Supplements do we use?
With all of our foods, we add NuVet Supplement. We chose NuVet for the same reasons we chose our foods; the nutrients are bioavailable. NuVet contains very few plant-based ingredients, and those it does have are added due to high levels of antioxidants that help support the immune system. When feeding a complete and balanced mix with secreting organs, we give a half dose of NuVet to ensure the cats receive antioxidants, a good profile of B vitamins, and taurine that is reduced during the freezing process. As stated above, when feeding Excel Pet Pantry's Special Grinds, we use a full-dose of NuVet per cat. The NuVet is added just before feeding; we do not add it before freezing any foods as the freezing process degrades the nutrients.
We also provide additional taurine to the cats' diet. It is unknown how much natural taurine is lost in the freezing process. Cats cannot make their own taurine, and it is essential to their health. Taurine is water-soluble. Often the fluid that runs off from fresh or defrosted meats contains taurine from that meat. After being frozen, much of the remaining taurine is fragmented and less bioavailable. We have found that some of our cats have a higher taurine requirement than others, so we like to make sure there is plenty in the food. Excess taurine is passed in their urine, so it does not pose a risk to their health if given slightly more than required.
If kittens or cats have a stool that is not just perfect, or if anyone has been on an antibiotic, we also use a probiotic to help restore the balance of healthy gut flora. We use Pure Digestion Premium Probiotic. We like this product as it contains 14 different species of good gut bacteria. Many pet probiotics only contain two or three strains. The strains found in Pure Digestion Premium Probiotic are strains that can survive the high acidity of a cat's gut - not something that all probiotic strains can handle. This product also includes digestive enzymes to keep enzyme levels working at full force. These enzymes help the cat absorb the maximum amount of nutrition while reducing the stress on their digestive system.
Quick Click Links
BALANCED Raw Food Recommendations
- Darwin's Natural Cat Food
- Small Batch Cat Frozen
- Kiwi Kitchen Raw Cat Food
- Simply Rawsome
- Hare Today
Mad Butcher Meat Company - Fortified with Bone Blend
For those who want to know exactly what we feed. We buy and balance the following foods. They are not prebalanced, so this is not likely to be the best choice for you.
Excel Pet Pantry Special Grind #1
Chicken and Duck - needs a supplement.
Simply Rawsome Whole Ground Beaver